|New Providence Island|
|Notable inhabitants|| James Flint|
|Affiliation|| Kingdom of England|
- "Is this English soil?"
"It was, once. Now it ain't."
"Whose is it?"
- ―John Silver and Logan[src]
New Providence is an island in the Bahamas. From 1706, the island's largest port of Nassau became a haven for pirates. A few legitimate plantation owners, such as Underhill, remain in the interior of the island.
The island was originally under Spanish control following Christopher Columbus's discovery of the New World, but the Spanish government showed little interest in developing the island. Nassau, the island's largest town, originally known as Charles Town, was burnt to the ground by the Spanish in 1684. It was rebuilt and renamed Nassau in 1695 by Governor Sir Nicholas Trott, in honour of the Prince of Orange-Nassau who later became William III of England.
Due to a lack of effective governors after Trott, Nassau fell into decline. In 1703, Spanish and French allied forces briefly occupied Nassau.
From 1703 to 1718, there was no governor in the colony and, by 1713, the sparsely settled Bahamas had become a pirate-haven. The Governor of Bermuda stated that there were over 1,000 pirates in Nassau and that they outnumbered the mere hundred inhabitants of the town. They proclaimed Nassau a pirate republic, establishing themselves as "governors".
Because New Providence's harbour was close to the Florida Strait, it became a nest for pirates preying on mainly Spanish shipping returning to Spain with gold, silver, and other riches.